Overheidsingrepen in de energiemarkt

Published 2011 / 06
Summary Report shows that majority of government interventions in the energy market are to the benefit of fossil fuels. Interventions are focused mainly on 1) final energy use and 2) production of energy. On the final energy use 4.4 billion euro is spent on fossil fuels each year, while renewables get only 0.2 billion euro per year. On the energy production side fossil fuel still gets more subsidies, but the balance is more equal: 1.4 billion euro for fossil fuel versus 1.3 billion euro for renewables. On the final energy use side fossil fuels are subsidized mostly by lower taxes on fuels for ships and planes and lower taxes for heavy users of (fossil) energy (mostly natural gas). Renewables are subsidized here by encouraging people to isolate their house and safe energy in other ways. On the supply side fossil fuels are subsidized mostly by the free emission permits for industry and energy companies. Renewables are subsidized on the supply side with the SDE and MEP program, the enforced mixing of biofuels in transport fuels and several other smaller subsidy programs
Keywords subsidies, government intervention, energy tax, external costs
File name Ecofys_CE Delft_20110627_Overheidsingrepen in de energiemarkt.pdf